IWW History: “Berkeley IWW Recycling Workers Unite in Solidarity to Win Better Contracts” – 2008

This is a post from the IWW’s Website describing Recycling Workers’ fights for a better contract in Berkeley California. It is reproduced here because their efforts show the strengths and weaknesses to contract bargaining and offer ample content for discussion on this front. The original authors are not members of the Industrial Unionist Caucus.

The contract negotiations between the Bay Area IU 670 Recycling Workers Union and the two Berkeley Recycling Companies has been a challenging struggle, but workers have stepped up to fight for tremendous improvements. The Bay Area IWW represents drivers at The Ecology Center who do residential curbside pickup, and workers at The Community Conversation Center yard who sort and process recycling materials. Both workers have been waging shopfloor struggles to resolve grievances and improve their working conditions. With both contracts coming up for negotiations, workers stepped up the fight.

The drivers met several times both at work and outside of work to draft an ambitious list of roughly 15 demands including an across the board wage hike, increase in pension payments by the company, and a change to the current accident penalties. The existing agreement resulted in termination of any driver who was involved in three accidents incurring more than $1400 worth of damage. With the narrow winding streets of Berkeley and the increasing costs of small accidents like broken rear-view mirrors, we have seen several workers purposefully dropping down to a loader after two incidents. This has resulted in wage decreases of up to $10 per hour!

Several months before negotiations began, workers were engaged in direct action to maintain control over job conditions. Management had attempted to add an additional route, and eliminate several “duo” routes – routes picked up by a team of one driver and one loader. After a week of headaches under these new route assignments, workers met with IWW organizers outside of work to plan how they would get back the old route system.

On September 10, all of the workers met with Daniel Maher, the operations manager and by a unanimous show of hands, demanded that the routes be reset. Maher refused to agree and left the office. One hour later he returned to find that that the workers hadn’t budged – neither physically nor on their demands. In what amounted to a seven-hour standoff, the entire workforce for the day refused to drive the trucks and occupied the company office for the entire time.

The crew from the buyback yard, who were holding a safety meeting at the time, were informed about the action and decided to march over to the Ecology Center office in solidarity. Daniel was still refusing to agree to the route change as the drivers discussed their situation to buyback workers.

With the office filled to capacity by recycling workers from both shops, Martin Borque, executive director of The Ecology Center was called in to put out the fire. He tried to argue that the changes the company had made would benefit the workers, but the union knew better. When it was obvious that the crew would not back down, management conceded to all demands. They then tried to get the drivers to agree to perform all assigned work for the day. Since that would have had the guys driving well into the night, they refused, promising only to work until 5:30 PM. Again, management had no choice but to agree.

At approximately 1:00 PM the trucks all rolled out, smiles on the workers’ faces and the stage was set for the coming negotiations, with workers in the driver’s seat.

The start of negotiations was heard loud and clear on November 8th at a rally in the Berkeley Recycling yard. The drivers took a break in the middle of their route to come back to the yard, and the workers from the Conservation Center walked off their posts to attend. Among piles of recycled waste the two groups of employees laid out their demands via bullhorn and several individuals spoke about conditions at their workplace and how workers had to come together to fight for a better life. The Rally finished with a 40-person strong march to the Ecology Center office where Fellow Workers Joyce Guzman outlined the demand list to Maher.

The buyback workers had also been compiling their demands via an employee survey which asked workers what most needed improvement at work. Bargaining teams of four employees and three IWW organizers were elected for each shop and the bargaining sessions began. At the Ecology Center the bosses were quick to give in to several demands including an unprecedented wage increase. No doubt this was due to the strength and solidarity workers had demonstrated just a few months prior.

But by the same token, management was scrambling to eliminate the basis for their employees’ power to stop production. They demanded several destructive changes to the contract language including a no-strike clause, a managements rights clause (both traditional clauses had been absent from the Ecology Center contracts with the IWW for almost two decades), and the elimination of the union solidarity clause which allowed the workers to honor picket lines during the life of the contract.

Workers were conflicted, wanting the economic package management had proposed but offended by the affront to their rights. After negotiations went back and forth some compromises were reached. On wages, Route Driver A will go from the current $24.87 to $26.50 and Driver B will go from 22.96 to 24.50 for this coming year, with a wage and benefits reopener for 2009. Most “loaders” (assistants) will go into a new category of “assistant driver” and their pay will go from the current $16.80 to $21 per hour. The few who will remain as loaders (because they can’t drive the trucks) will go to $19.00. Improvements were also made in health benefits and

On the negative side, workers accepted some changes to the contract that weren’t exactly positive. While they refused to accept the elimination of the union solidarity clause, and management backed down, there now exists a general “Managements Power” section, and while they would not accept a No-Strike clause, per se, the grievance procedure has been modified so that the union agrees to take no strike action until the grievance procedure has been exhausted.

Meanwhile at Buyback, a committee of 4 workers and three IWW organizers were attempting to hammer out a contract with management. The main demands were a wage hike, decreasing the health care costs, and increasing management’s contribution to the workers’ IRA. Management agreed to some of the union proposals, but dragged its heels on the wage demand. After two months of negotiations and an implicit threat of a strike by the workers, the bosses increased their offer for a new wage table. At the time of this writing, the workers are closing in on an agreement with management though some issues are still unresolved. Why do Buyback workers so badly need a raise? Fellow Worker Matt Wathen wrote the following article about the conditions workers have to deal with at the yard.

My name is Matthew Wathen and I have been an employee at Berkeley Recycling going on three years now. Over these three years I have seen and been exposed to some of the most vile substances and materials known to man. Working on the container line I’ve seen everything from dead rats covered in maggots to human feces to used syringes pass by. Having to grab the syringes and put them in a special biohazard waste basket we’re extra careful we don’t accidentally poke ourselves (God forbid). While sorting recyclables on the container line I’ve been attacked by mosquitoes, had different substances sprayed on my face and have had to go to the hospital to get stitches from grabbing glass bottles even though I was wearing glass protective gloves.

Down by the paper line it’s hard to take one step without stepping on a pile of rat droppings. I think Berkeley Recycling is home base for the entire population of rats in the city of Berkeley. Even though management has done a lot to rid our work site of rat infestation, they still roam around freely like they own the place. I say put ’em to work!

Another sanitary concern is the mess left by customers after they’re finished separating their materials. The customers are given a certain section in the facility to sort their materials, and by the end of the day that area is left knee-deep in garbage, which the employees are left to clean up. Some of the garbage left on the ground consists of everything from spilled food, half-empty drink containers, broken glass, dirty socks and all sorts of disgusting filth. Also since many of the customers are drug addicts and IV drug users, we constantly are finding drug paraphernalia and used syringes on the premises.

Now everything that I have mentioned so far, as you can imagine puts the employees at great risk, so being the end of the year, the time has come for union workers and management to negotiate a new contract. The starting pay here is only $11.05 per hour (keep in mind we have families to support). Because the cost to live in the Bay Area is so expensive and because of the risks of sanitary conditions, not to mention the risks of accidents caused by heavy machinery (which have happened), we have asked for an immediate increase of five dollars per hour.

Their counter offer is fifty cents.

By M.K. and other members of the Bay Area Utility Service Workers iu670 industrial organizing committee.


Future of the I.W.W. Part 2: The Structural and Strategic Roots of the Anti-GEB Movement

In the previous article I argued that the Restructure and Recall proposals were mistaken. This is for 2 reasons.

1. They don’t actually democratize the union and therefore don’t address the alleged problem of an unrepresentative General Executive Board

2. They would exacerbate the current problems in the I.W.W. which precipitated the dysfunction on the GEB and the call to restructure.

This essay will focus on the second point above.


Misguided organizing campaigns are not solely the fault of a few people with mistaken ideas. The I.W.W. hasn’t been able to organize a union (and here I mean an institution that lives beyond the dedication of its initial activist core) very well over the past 60 years. This provided the soil in which activism, both in and outside the workplace, could spring up as an alternative to Industrial Unionism. The most recent trend in the I.W.W. has been to hold up a kind of union-activism which is doomed to failure as the model for organizing.

This model is often called Direct or Solidarity Unionism. Here, the individual and their co-workers acting in concert are the union. Contracts, staff, and NLRB elections are pesky contrivances which actually impede militancy and strength. Success is defined as making every member into an organizer. Or in other words, success is impossible.

Obviously, this is a distillation of this viewpoint, and often these ideas are expressed both formally and informally. Taken together, though, they form a kind of contemporary I.W.W. common sense. This approach has attached itself with the most veracity in the Organizer Training program, which has sown this basic common sense among IWW members across the country. Aspects of this Direct Unionist approach have indisputable merit (workers must rely on themselves to win and enforce demands or a contract using direct action, committees are the building blocks of unions) while others are less convincing (Staff, contracts, elections are all useless).

The core mistaken hypothesis is that two workers acting in concert is a union. It is not. It is merely collective action. A union is a constant organization over time – an institution with a division of labor, a membership-constituency, elected officers, a slate of services provided by different departments, and most importantly – a vehicle for concentrated collective decision making and action. Put briefly, collective action is necessary but not sufficient to have a functioning union. The union exists to augment – that is, sharpen and amplify collective action.

Unfortunately, this same atmosphere of “Do-It-Yourself Unionism” has encouraged a kind of “Do-It-Your-Self Defense Work”. There is a complete lack of accountability in both houses and that is, in part what must be changed. This lack of accountability devolves from problems of administrative structure on the one hand, and strategy formation on the other.

Problems of Administration

The problems with our current administrative setup would not in the least be resolved by the proposed abolition of the GEB. We have a dues collection and reporting process from the 1910s. We have limited funds to pay a General Secretary Treasurer and none to stipend or pay officers of the union or administrators at the local level. A common point of opposition is that we ought not to pay officialdom. This ignores that it was common IWW policy to pay necessary administrators and full timers a wage equivalent to that the union had won for the membership. Perhaps more to the point, those who are principally opposed to paying members for the work they do have two unsolvable problems to confront.

The first is that if you don’t pay members with skills to do the work, it will fall to ‘those who have the time’. This inevitably leads to the informal rule of the middle class in the organization, who have the trust funds, the clueless parents and whatever hassle-free hustle to spend the time doing the work for free. Thus, refusing on principle to pay staffers is in fact an argument to keep the organization in the control of the middle and upper classes. This isn’t a character judgment on members who come from wealthier backgrounds, they may have good skills to bring to the table. But it does mean that the activist-egos of those who participate for free get privileged over concrete results, regardless of their class background. It’s just that the wealthier have the resources to stick out for longer.

The second but possibly more important problem with the refusal to pay competent members to do the work is that the work that does get done usually gets done inconsistently or poorly. If workers do take administrative tasks on, they’re doomed to overwork and burnout, even just trying to keep up with the list of tasks to complete. When volunteers fill their roles, they can easily be drawn to resign when things don’t go their personal way or when life hits them with a curveball.

Both of these point to a labor shortage problem in the organization. Anybody who applies the same analysis to our organization as they do to the rest of society can figure out pretty quickly how a firm ought to respond to a labor shortage. You recruit more labor or use labor-saving technology! So long as this labor shortage goes unsolved, switching to a “decentralized” policy will exacerbate administrative redundancy and eat up our already depleted supply of volunteer labor. Asking each branch to now have one or more members on regional and a national steering committee pulls that many members away from other work.

Unless this is reversed, the I.W.W. will remain firmly under the thumb of activist cliques in different cities which vie for predominance in the organization, rather than a union which serves its members.

Problems of Strategy

I don’t want to be misunderstood. Every solidarity union campaign has failed. I’m not trying to be cruel or dismiss them. But it’s a fact. There are multiple ways to talk about failure/success. For example, the Solidarity Union campaigns may have succeeded at bringing in 5 new dedicated IWW members. Still, there is not a union in any Starbucks in the Twin Cities, Houston, or Manhattan. Neither is there a union at Jimmy John’s in Gainesville, the Twin Cities or anywhere else. Whole Foods? Failed because the core organizers had shifting obligations and their involvement was based on volunteer labor. At absolutely none of these places is there an organization, even a bare bones one, that is daily securing the basic rights of its members and effecting better working conditions. You know where that is the case?

In Berkeley California where recycling sorters and truck drivers are unionized with a contract by the local I.W.W. They earn good wages, routinely use direct action to enforce the contract or to win on demands not provided in the contract. True, they aren’t “involved in the cultural life of the union”. But this is for two good reasons;

1. The “cultural life of the union” is to a large extent dominated by boring activist cliques
2. They have to work for a living.

Instead of fighting a constant war of attrition, as per Direct Unionist common sense, the Bay Area workers secured a contract (a good contract). They know they have to enforce it. They understand that the contract is paper, and their direct action is what gives it any worth. What’s more, they’ve created their own cultural space in the organization, holding barbecues on holidays at work, even if they have to use direct action to make sure they get the time to do so.

But this fact, that the Direct Unionist strategy is promoted against more successful organizing drives is a manifestation of a deeper problem. To put it bluntly, there is no overarching strategizing as a result of collective reflection and decision making. We have no organizing policy beyond “Come to an OT-101 and then do what you want with the info”. This has lead to failure after failure. Partly this is the result of the General Membership Branch structure of the union.

General Membership Branches foster a regional/city based collectivity and at the same time, regional/city based organizing “campaigns”. Branches aren’t accountable to the broader organization, and neither are organizing campaigns. We have no way of telling a lone “organizer-worker” that they aren’t going to organize Wal-Mart in their free time. In fact, we often do the opposite, and argue that they should try, no matter what. This is completely unjustified and borders on cult like behavior. It completely retreats from reality and inculcates ignorance as opposed to a sober consideration of the facts at hand. It also fosters a culture of rejecting accountability;  when a campaign fails, it’s for every reason except the theoretical approach.

This “branch autonomy” is in reality branch unaccountability. Failing never gets adequately reckoned with through a formal process. As a result, we haven’t been growing.

Committee Activism is Insufficient – In the Workplace and In the Streets

In the context of repeatedly failing, one-off campaigns, members of the Anti-GEB faction have asserted that the GDC Community Self Defense model offers a solution to the problem of growth. Boosted by what some have called the “Trump-Bump”, Anti-GEBers are confident that their model provides the solution.

In reality political activism is being argued as a superior recruitment strategy, that can augment industrial organizing. But where we have no effective model for building lasting union institutions, recruiting through political organizing isn’t a fix to the problem. The problem is an incomplete and contradictory model. Political activism might bring in large numbers; but primarily for the sake of doing political activism. If the union organizing  that we promise is failing, new members will soon leave, or narrow their focus to antifascist counter-demos.

What’s worse, the GDC model echoes the incoherent and decentralized structure of GMBs. Members in one city are more or less free to experiment with how they engage in “Defense Work” with very little oversight from other GDCers, let alone the membership of the union. This is a recipe for failures which fly under the radar at best, and downright harmful errors at worst. It even has it’s own core training, a picket training, which functions as the Organizer Training in the I.W.W. – the raising of a tactic (pickets, committee building) which is necessary for working class struggle, to the level of both a strategy and a principle.

The Anti-GEB faction crystallizes these problems in a perspective; the union would be growing exponentially if it wasn’t for the oppressive clique of ruling GEB members, the ‘anti-democratic structure’ of the organization with a functioning executive body able to govern in between conventions, and pesky conservative trade union principles like ‘collective decision making, collective accountability, and paying union workers for their contributions’. It’s not the outmoded administration or complete lack of a successful union model that keeps the I.W.W. small; it’s a conspiracy of self-interested volunteer petit-bourgeois, competing for the opportunity to waste their time dominating a failing organization. This is the Anti-GEB ideology, distilled. It isn’t personal and political differences on the board that precipitated the dispute, (nevermind the complete inability of the Anti-GEB faction on the board to put the membership first and accept losing votes to retain a functioning board), it’s a creeping and sinister bureaucracy in an organization that can barely pay one bureaucrat!

I.W.W.s should fight to put the I.W.W. on a firm industrial union organizing basis. The GDC has had some material successes with recruitment, but this is no substitute for organizing. The working class is dynamic and diverse. However, blustery rhetoric about autonomy and anti-fascism won’t translate into material gains without a strategy. That strategy has to begin at work because that is where workers, white or black, citizen or immigrant, cis or trans have to spend most of their waking hours. It is the locus of our oppression and exploitation. It’s the place where we can come together and assert our collective power, as a class.   

The Industrial Union faction is bringing together members interested in pursuing Industrial Organizing Drives. Our aim is to identify our strengths, pick winnable targets, draft organizing proposals, and implement them with a concentration of resources and effort. In connection with this, we’re also interested in finding members with the skills or knowledge to address some of the union’s most pressing administrative, educational, and organizing concerns including;

– Immediate Switch to automatic dues collection
– Implementation of Electronic Reporting/Database

– Building an effective Organizing Department – Hire a general organizer and pursue targeted campaigns in industries where we have strength in membership and a viable growth strategy

– Outline an I.W.W. approach to contracts – the legalization of the workplace is here to stay. We must adapt. This doesn’t mean support for no-strike clauses, grievance procedures or management’s rights clauses, as many other unions have demonstrated.

– Establish the Education Department and move the OTC into its purview alongside the GDC’s picket and other trainings. Adopt and implement new member orientation as well as an administration training.
– Move the GDC either fully into or fully out of the union – this is the only way to have an honest discussion about the direction that committee takes among the membership of the organization to which it ought to be directly accountable. Connectedly, this requires a conversation about what works and what doesn’t in the GDC, and outlining a functioning legal and direct action defense strategy, beyond the Picket-Training-and-Go-Wild “strategy” which predominates at the moment.

We also recommend that members vote no on the Restructure and Recall proposals.

Future of the I.W.W. Part 1: Does the I.W.W. Need to Be Restructured?


The following is my own argument and does not necessarily reflect the views of everyone in the Industrial Union Caucus. It is the first of a two part essay. 

Does the I.W.W. Need to be Restructured?

The current controversy in the I.W.W. is posing the question quite starkly; are we a union founded on the principles of class struggle or the disorganized political project of small handfuls of activists?  This controversy in the I.W.W. has its roots in the inability of the organization to effectively make collective, union-wide decisions about organizing and implement them. This is of grave importance because we are so resource strapped that a concentration of our limited resources is the only way we can effectively build Industrial Unions.

The General Defense Committee of the I.W.W. was originally founded to raise legal defense funds for the union after the World War I era FBI raids. Now it is a semi-auxiliary vehicle for political activism in the name of the I.W.W., primarily focused on anti-fascist activity. The GDC has it’s own dues and local-chartering structure. Bosses and people who are not members of the I.W.W. can be members, and they can vote for the officers of the GDC, though those officers must be I.W.W. members. The GDC is supposed to report activities and financials to the wider union, but I’ve not been able to find a financial report for the GDC for this year yet.
Continue reading “Future of the I.W.W. Part 1: Does the I.W.W. Need to Be Restructured?”

On the Revolutionary Union Movement Faction in the IWW

Recently, the Revolutionary Unionists have formalized their caucus in the I.W.W. While this is a welcome step toward understanding exactly what it is they’re after, we’re disappointed that their essays struggle to cite what we’ve written accurately and contain several baseless accusations. 

We were confounded at the prospect of responding to a lot of vague insinuations and frankly, things we’ve never said nor believe. So we decided to put what we did say right next to what some in the RUM claim we say. Following that is a brief response to their essay on “white workerism”.

RU Silliness 1.3RU Silliness 2.2RU Silliness 3.1

Continue reading “On the Revolutionary Union Movement Faction in the IWW”

A Wobbly Contract

In this essay, Luigi Rinaldi argues there is the possibility of using contracts in our organizing, if we use them to set a gold standard.


Contracts between unions and employers have been a controversial subject in the IWW since its founding. They have been described by some as a needless compromise in the class war. Others have said they provide necessary breathing room for our struggles. While I used to hold a hard anti-contract position I have since moderated on the question. This was brought about by practical concerns. How do we, a revolutionary union, consolidate our gains and form lasting institutions in industries? How do we supersede the General Membership Branch as the primary form of organization in the IWW? How do we build Industrial Unions?

Continue reading “A Wobbly Contract”

2017 IWW Convention Voting Guide

The 2017 Convention is fast approaching and now Branches of the IWW have voted or perhaps are just about to vote on the many resolutions proposed. Below is the voting guide our caucus has prepared.

Tampa GMB
Resolution #1:
If passed, IWW will join CIW’s campaign against Wendy’s. Specifically declare solidarity, participate in boycott, call on Wendy’s to sign Fair Food Agreement, and spread word of boycott. Vote yes.

Incarcerated Workers Organizing Committee
Resolution #1:
If passed, Jimmi Del Duca will be expelled from union. While FW Del Duca has said things that we find uncouth and insulting, it would be a matter of proving FW Del Duca has violated the constitution via charges that should lead to an expulsion. In fact, it seems like a poor practice for convention to expel a member without charges being filed. Vote no.

Resolution #2:
If passed, IWOC will get $8,315 per year from the IWW general membership and IWOC members currently in prison will be exempt from paying dues. Vote yes.

Resolution #3:
If passed, the union will create a travel fund for IWOC’s ex-prisoner members, similar to the Sato Fund administered by the GEC. The Sato Fund has a proven track record in helping women and LGBT members of the union fully participate in the organization, and hopefully this fund would create similar opportunities for ex-prisoners in the union. Vote yes.

Resolution #4:
If passed, the union will print a polemic calling for the abolition of prisons. Vote yes.

Atlanta GMB
Resolution #1:
If passed, the general membership will make a pledge of allegiance to anti-fascism and agree that everyone can do whatever they want while maintaining the official backing of the union. It is one of two political resolutions aimed at a perceived faction, which the IWW should avoid putting forward to referendum. Vote no.

Resolution #2:
If passed, the entire GEB would be recalled and an interim board would be elected. However, despite the trials and tribulations this year the GEB has been able to carry out its usual business as scheduled, proving that the claim the GEB is not able to function false. Vote no.

Los Angeles GMB
Resolution #1:
If passed, language formerly present in the IWW Constitution regarding “job branches” will be re-added. This may help steer the union towards the industrial unionism model. Vote yes.

Baltimore GMB
Resolution #1:
If passed, the IWW constitution would be amended to ensure workers with criminal history will not be barred from membership or holding office. Vote Yes.

Nonviolence and sabotage resolution:
If passed, the IWW will add a special resolution to its constitution and bylaws reaffirming that the IWW does not advocate violence nor forfeit the right to self-defense. We believe this is what the IWW stands for and do not see the need to reaffirm a political resolution aimed at another perceived faction in the IWW at this time. Vote no.

Gender Equity Committee
Resolution #1 – 4:
If passed, the GEC will strike a Conflict Resolutions Committee on Measures of Gender, amend the Constitution and the Manual of Policies and Procedures to reflect that this body is an additional option for complaints in addition to the current charges process.
As written the process is in some ways vague, offers no process for determination of fact, and does nothing to add to the resources made available for terms of immediate relief. Where some necessary reforms of the current charges process could be made these amendments leave the current charges process untouched and provide only for means outside of charges to resolve disputes based in gendered social relations.
It does provide a straightforward means for conflict resolution. This implies that both parties acknowledge there is a conflict worth resolving; otherwise the resolution ought to make clear that when a member feels their constitutional rights have been violated by another member or officer, they should refer to the given, if flawed, charges process.
Vote yes.

Twin Cities GMB

TC 1: Creates an Education Department but subverts the efforts of those who have been building towards creating this already. Members of the chartered exploratory committee for an Ed Department have asked for the union to vote this down. They have provided compelling arguments that the proposal is underdeveloped and that they plan to create an Education Department in a similar way to other successful programs, such as the OTC, were created. Vote no.

Resolution #3: If passed, members of the Audit, Finance, Literature, Gender Equity, and Junior Wobblies Committees would be elected via referendum rather than by convention. This seems like more democratic reform that is not particular cumbersome to the organization, and could potentially increase the pool of candidates for these positions. Vote yes.

Resolution #2:
If passed, the GDC would be able to carry out any action as long as it was labelled as “community self-defense.” The area of work this covers should be well defined and approved by the IWW membership. Vote no.

Resolution #4:
If passed, the GDC will overturn the votes against two previously defeated attempts to get money from the general administration’s budget. These were voted down by the GEB because the GDC maintains its own treasury for this purpose. Vote no.

Resolution #5:
If passed, the so-called “pro-GDC” faction will blatantly oust democratically elected political opponents from the General Executive Board for no other reason than their opposition to their interests. Vote no.

Resolution #6:
If passed, the IWW will be re-structured into an ultra-decentralized organization, exacerbating the problems of branch autonomy, while also ballooning the size of the general administration with branch delegations. In all likeliness the rough state branches tend to be in means only well established branches will be able to truly participate in the process and will effectively run the union. Vote no.

Resolution #7: If passed, the charges process would be dramatically overhauled. While the process does need a change, the resolution seems to be geared towards the charges process becoming a catch-all mediation process rather than one used for when members violate the constitution. The IWW is not a court and cannot be expected to solve all the problems between its members. Vote no.

Resolution #8:
If passed, the 2017 will make a decision on whether or not the IWW will immediately affiliate with the new international of revolutionary unions led by the Spanish CNT. There has not been enough time for the membership to discuss this matter. Vote no.

Madison GMB

Resolution #1: This will be moot if TC#2 is voted down, which we is what we currently endorse.